tcptraceroute is a traceroute implementation that uses TCP packets instead of the more commonly used ICMP packets. Traceroute is a network diagnostic tool that shows the path that network packets take from one host to another. It works by sending packets with increasing time-to-live (TTL) values and noting the source and destination IP addresses of the intermediate routers that return ICMP Time Exceeded messages. This information is used to build a map of the network path.
The tcptraceroute tool is useful in situations where ICMP packets are blocked or rate-limited, as it can use TCP packets to perform the traceroute instead. TCP packets are less likely to be blocked by firewalls and other network security devices, and they can provide more information about the network path, such as whether certain ports or protocols are blocked.
Here are some key features of tcptraceroute:
- Customizable port and protocol: tcptraceroute allows you to specify the destination port and protocol (TCP or UDP), which can be useful for testing specific network services or troubleshooting network connectivity issues.
- Network path visualization: tcptraceroute can output the network path in various formats, including ASCII art, HTML, and PostScript. This can make it easier to visualize the path and identify any bottlenecks or problem areas.
- Advanced options: tcptraceroute provides a number of advanced options, such as the ability to set custom packet payloads, specify the source interface or IP address, and control the number of packets sent per TTL value.
If you encounter the below error while running the command tcptraceroute:
tcptraceroute: command not found
you may try installing the below package as per your choice of distribution:
|Debian||apt-get install tcptraceroute|
|Ubuntu||apt-get install tcptraceroute|
|Alpine||apk add tcptraceroute|
|Kali Linux||apt-get install tcptraceroute|
|Fedora||dnf install traceroute-3|
|OS X||brew install tcptraceroute|
|Raspbian||apt-get install tcptraceroute|
tcptraceroute Command Examples
1. Trace the route to a host:
# tcptraceroute host
2. Specify the destination port and packet length in bytes:
# tcptraceroute host destination_port packet_length
3. Specify the local source port and source address:
# tcptraceroute host -p source_port -s source_address
4. Set the first and maximum TTL:
# tcptraceroute host -f first_ttl -m max_ttl
5. Specify the wait time and number of queries per hop:
# tcptraceroute host -w wait_time -q number_of_queries
6. Specify the interface:
# tcptraceroute host -i interface
tcptraceroute is an open-source tool that is available for Linux, macOS, and Windows systems. It can be downloaded from the GitHub repository or installed via package managers on Linux distributions.