You can use the “mkdir” command to create new directories in Linux. Creating a new directory in Linux is easy — just use the mkdir command:
$ mkdir New_Dir $ ls -ld New_Dir drwxrwxr-x. 2 geek geek 21 Mar 6 14:40 New_Dir $
The system creates a new directory named New_Dir . Notice in the new directory’s long listing that the directory’s record begins with a d . This indicates that New_Dir is a directory.
Occasionally, you may need to create directories and subdirectories in “bulk.” To do this, add the -p option to the mkdir command as shown here:
$ mkdir -p New_Dir/SubDir/UnderDir $ ls -R New_Dir New_Dir: SubDir New_Dir/SubDir: UnderDir New_Dir/SubDir/UnderDir: $
The -p option on the mkdir command makes any missing parent directories as needed. A parent directory is a directory that contains other directories at the next level down the directory tree.
1. Create directory with specified octal permissions.
# mkdir -m750 [dirname]
By default, your shell’s umask controls the permissions.
2. Set SELinux security context of each created directory to the default type.
# mkdir -Z
3. Given a directory path (not just a simple directory name), create any necessary parent directories automatically.
# mkdir -p /one/two/three
Creates the directories /one and /one/two if they don’t already exist, then /one/two/three.
You can learn more about the mkdir command and its options on its man pages. Type man mkdir and press return to view the command’s man pages.
# man mkdir